Theory Main - Home THEORY TEST 2 - Q&A'sHere are the questions and answers for theory test #2. The correct answer is highlighted in red, as is the official DSA knowledge and understanding for each question.

Qu.1 - Mark one answer You are approaching traffic lights that have been on green for sometime. You should

A. Accelerate hard
B. Maintain your speed
C. Be ready to stop D. Brake hard

The longer traffic lights have been on green, the greater the chance of them changing. Always allow for this on approach and be prepared to stop.
Qu.2 - Mark one answer Which of the following should you do before stopping?
A. Sound the horn
B. Use the mirrors C. Select a higher gear
D. Flash your headlights

Before pulling up check the mirrors to see what is happening behind you. Also assess what is ahead and make sure you give the correct signal if it helps other road users.
Qu.3 - Mark two answers Objects hanging from your interior mirror may
A. Restrict your view B. Improve your driving
C. Distract your attention D. Help your concentration

Ensure that you can see clearly through the windscreen of your vehicle. Stickers or hanging objects could affect your field of vision or draw your eyes away from the road.



Qu.4 - Mark one answer You should only use a mobile phone when
A. Receiving a call
B. Suitably parked C. Driving at less than 30 mph
D. Driving an automatic vehicle

It is illegal to use a hand-held mobile phone while driving, except in a genuine emergency. Even using hands-free kit can distract your attention. Park in a safe and convenient place before receiving or making a call or using text messaging. Then you will also be free to take notes or refer to papers.
Qu.5 - Mark three answers When you are moving off from behind a parked car you should
A. Look round before you move off B. Use all the mirrors on the vehicle C. Look round after moving off
D. Use the exterior mirror only
E. Give a signal if necessary F. Give a signal after moving off

Before moving off you should use all the mirrors to check if the road is clear. Look round to check the blind spots and give a signal if it is necessary to warn other road users of your intentions.
Qu.6 - Mark one answer You should never wave people across at pedestrian crossings because
A. There may be another vehicle coming B. They may not be looking
C. It is safer for you to carry on
D. They may not be ready to cross

If people are waiting to use a pedestrian crossing, slow down and be prepared to stop. Don’t wave them across the road since another driver may, not have seen them, not have seen your signal and may not be able to stop safely.
Qu.7 - Mark three answers Which of the following vehicles will use blue flashing beacons?
A. Motorway maintenance
B. Bomb disposal C. Blood transfusion D. Police patrol E. Breakdown recovery

When you see emergency vehicles with blue flashing beacons, move out of the way as soon as it is safe to do so.
Qu.8 - Mark one answer You are driving in traffic at the speed limit for the road. The driver behind is trying to overtake. You should
A. Move closer to the car ahead, so the driver behind has no room to overtake
B. wave the driver behind to overtake when it is safe
C. keep a steady course & allow the driver behind to overtakeD. Accelerate to get away from the driver behind

Keep a steady course to give the driver behind an opportunity to overtake safely. If necessary, slow down. Reacting incorrectly to another driver’s impatience can lead to danger.
Qu.9 - Mark one answer Supertrams or Light Rapid Transit (LRT) systems are environmentally friendly because
A. They use diesel power
B. They use quieter roads
C. They use electric power D. They do not operate during rush hour

This means that they do not emit toxic fumes, which add to city pollution problems. They are also a lot quieter and smoother to ride on.
Qu.10 - Mark one answer You will use more fuel if your tyres are
A. Under-inflated B. Of different makes
C. Over-inflated
D. New and hardly used

Check your tyre pressures frequently – normally once a week. If pressures are lower than those recommended by the manufacturer, there will be more ‘rolling resistance’. The engine will have to work harder to overcome this, leading to increased fuel consumption.
Qu.11 - Mark one answer You are parking on a two-way road at night. The speed limit is 40 mph. You should park on the
A. Left with parking lights on B. Left with no lights on
C. Right with parking lights on
D. Right with dipped headlights on

At night all vehicles must display parking lights when parked on a road with a speed limit greater than 30 mph. They should be close to the kerb, facing in the direction of the traffic flow and not within a distance as specified in The Highway Code.
Qu.12 - Mark one answer Planning your journey to avoid busy times has a number of advantages. One of these is
A. Your journey will take longer
B. You will have a more pleasant journey C. You will cause more pollution
D. Your stress levels will be greater

Having a pleasant journey can have safety benefits. You will be less tired and stressed and this will allow you to concentrate more on your driving or riding.
Qu.13 - Mark one answer Rapid acceleration and heavy braking can lead to
A. Reduced pollution
B. Increased fuel consumption C. Reduced exhaust emissions
D. Increased road safety

Using the controls smoothly can reduce fuel consumption by about 15% as well as reducing wear and tear on your vehicle. Plan ahead and anticipate changes of speed well in advance. This will reduce the need to accelerate rapidly or brake sharply.
Qu.14 - Mark one answerIn windy conditions you need to take extra car when
A. Using the brakes
B. Making a hill start
C. Turning into a narrow road
D. Passing pedal cyclists
You should always give cyclists plenty of room when overtaking. When it’s windy, a sudden gust could blow them off course.

Qu.15 - Mark one answer Where are you most likely to be affected by a side wind?
A. On a narrow country lane
B. On an open stretch of road C. On a busy stretch of road
D. On a long, straight road

In windy conditions, care must be taken on exposed roads. A strong gust of wind can blow you off course. Watch out for other road users who are particularly likely to be affected, such as cyclists, motorcyclists, high-sided lorries and vehicles towing trailers.
Qu.16 - Mark one answer In good conditions, what is the typical stopping distance at 70 mph?
A. 53 metres (175 feet)
B. 60 metres (197 feet)
C. 73 metres (240 feet)
D. 96 metres (315 feet)
Note that this is the typical stopping distance. It will take at least this distance to think, brake and stop in good conditions. In poor conditions it will take much longer.
Qu.17 - Mark one answer You are trying to move off on snow. You should use
A. The lowest gear you can
B. The highest gear you can C. A high engine speed
D. The handbrake and footbrake together

If you attempt to move off in a low gear, such as first, the engine will rev at a higher speed. This could cause the wheels to spin and dig further into the snow.
Qu.18 - Mark two answers You are driving in freezing conditions. What should you do when approaching a sharp bend?
A. Slow down before you reach the bend B. Gently apply your handbrake
C. Firmly use your footbrake
D. Coast into the bend
E. Avoid sudden steering movements
Harsh use of the accelerator, brakes or steering are likely to lead to skidding, especially on slippery surfaces. Avoid steering and braking at the same time. In icy conditions it’s very important that you constantly assess what’s ahead, so that you can take appropriate action in plenty of time.
Qu.19 - Mark one answer An elderly person's driving ability could be affected because they may be unable to
A. Obtain car insurance
B. Understand road signs
C. React very quickly D. Give signals correctly

Be tolerant of older drivers. Poor eyesight and hearing could affect the speed with which they react to a hazard and may cause them to be hesitant.
Qu.20 - Mark one answer You are approaching a crossroads. The traffic lights have failed. What should you do?
A. Brake and stop only for large vehicles
B. Brake sharply to a stop before looking
C. Be prepared to brake sharply to a stop
D. Be prepared to stop for any traffic
When approaching a junction where the traffic lights have failed, you should proceed with caution. Treat the situation as an unmarked junction and be prepared to stop.

Qu.21 - Mark one answer Why are mirrors often slightly curved (convex)?
A. They give a wider field of vision B. They totally cover blind spots
C. They make it easier to judge the speed of following traffic
D. They make following traffic look bigger

Although a convex mirror gives a wide view of the scene behind, you should be aware that it will not show you everything behind or to the side of the vehicle. Before you move off you will need to check over your shoulder to look for anything not visible in the mirrors.

Qu.22 - Mark one answer Why are place names printed on the road surface?
A. To restrict the flow of traffic
B. To warn you of oncoming traffic
C. To enable you to change lanes early D. To prevent you changing lanes

The names of towns and cities may be painted on the road at busy junctions and complex road systems. Their purpose is to let you move into the correct lane in good time, allowing traffic to flow more freely.
Qu.23 - Mark one answer Some two-way roads are divided into three lanes. Why are these particularly dangerous?
A. Traffic in both directions can use the middle lane to overtake B. Traffic can travel faster in poor weather conditions
C. Traffic can overtake on the left
D. Traffic uses the middle lane for emergencies only

If you intend to overtake you must consider that approaching traffic could be planning the same manoeuvre. When you have considered the situation and have decided it is safe, indicate your intentions early. This will show the approaching traffic that you intend to pull out.

Qu.24 - Mark one answer You are on a dual carriageway. Ahead you see a vehicle with an amber flashing light. What could this be?
A. An ambulance
B. A fire engine
C. A doctor on call
D. A disabled person's vehicle
An amber flashing light on a vehicle indicates that it is slow-moving. Battery powered vehicles used by disabled people are limited to 8 mph. It’s not advisable for them to be used on dual carriageways where the speed limit exceeds 50 mph. If they are then an amber flashing light must be used.
Qu.25 - Mark one answerThis road marking warns



A. Drivers to use the hard shoulder
B. Overtaking drivers there is a bend to the left
C. Overtaking drivers to move back to the left D. Drivers that it is safe to overtake

You should plan your overtaking to take into account any hazards ahead. In this picture the marking indicates that you are approaching a junction. You will not have time to overtake and move back into the left safely.
Qu.26 - Mark THREE answers In which THREE places would parking cause an obstruction to others?

A. Near the brow of a hill B. In a lay-by
C. Where the kerb is raised
D. Where the kerb has been lowered for wheelchairs E. At or near a bus stop
Think about the effect your parking will have on other road users. Don’t forget that not all vehicles are the size of a car. Large vehicles will need more room to pass and might need more time too. Parking out of the view of traffic, such as before the brow of a hill, causes unnecessary risks. Think before you park.

Qu.27 - Mark one answer You are away from home and have to park your vehicle overnight. Where should you leave it?
A. Opposite another parked vehicle
B. In a quiet road
C. Opposite a traffic island
D. In a secure car park
When leaving your vehicle unattended, use a secure car park whenever possible.
Qu.28 - Mark one answer The most important reason for having a properly adjusted head restraint is to
A. Make you more comfortable
B. Help you to avoid neck injury C. Help you to relax
D. Help you to maintain your driving position

The restraint should be adjusted so that it gives maximum protection to the head and neck. This will help in the event of a rearend collision.
Qu.29 - Mark one answer How can you help to prevent your car radio from being stolen?
A. Park in an unlit area
B. Hide the radio with a blanket
C. Park near a busy junction
D. Install a security-coded radio
A security-coded radio can deter thieves as it is likely to be of little use when removed from the vehicle.
Qu.30 - Mark one answer You are parking your car. You have some valuables, which you are unable to take with you. What should you do?

A. Park near a police station
B. Put them under the driver's seat
C. Lock then out of sightD. Park in an unlit side road

Your vehicle is like a shop window for thieves. Either remove all valuables or lock them out of sight.
Qu.31 - Mark four answers Before starting a journey in freezing weather you should clear ice and snow from your vehicle's
A. Aerial
B. Windows
C. Bumper
D. Lights E. MirrorsF. Number plates

Don’t travel unless you have no choice. Making unnecessary journeys in bad weather can increase the risk of having a collision. It’s important that you can see and be seen. Make sure any snow or ice is cleared from lights, mirrors, number plates and windows.
Qu.32 - Mark one answer You have driven through a flood. What is the first thing you should do?
A. Stop and check the tyres
B. Stop and dry the brakes
C. Check your exhaust
D. Test your brakes
Before you test your brakes you must check for following traffic. If it is safe, gently apply the brakes to clear any water that may be covering the braking surfaces.
Qu.33 - Mark one answer You are approaching this cyclist. You should


A. Overtake before the cyclist gets to the junction
B. Flash your headlights at the cyclist
C. Slow down and allow the cyclist to turnD. Overtake the cyclist on the left-hand side

Keep well back and allow the cyclist room to take up the correct position for the turn. Don’t get too close behind or try to squeeze past.

Qu.34 - Mark one answerIn areas where there are 'traffic calming' measures you should
A. Travel at a reduced speedB. Always travel at the speed limit
C. Position in the centre of the road
D. Only slow down if pedestrians are near

Traffic calming measures such as road humps, chicanes and narrowings are intended to slow you down. Maintain a reduced speed until you reach the end of these features. They are there to protect pedestrians. Kill your speed!

Qu.35 - Mark one answer You are waiting to emerge at a junction. Parked vehicles restrict your view. What can help you to see traffic on the road you are joining?
A. Looking for traffic behind you
B. Reflections of traffic in shop windows C. Making eye contact with other road users
D. Checking for traffic in your interior mirror

When your view is restricted into the new road you must still be completely sure it is safe to emerge. Try to look for traffic through the windows of the parked cars or the reflections in shop windows. Keep looking in all directions as you slowly edge forwards until you can see it is safe.
Qu.36 - Mark one answer After passing your driving test, you suffer from ill health. This affects your driving. You MUST
A. Inform your local police station
B. Avoid using motorways
C. Always drive accompanied
D. Inform the licensing authority
The licensing authority won’t automatically take away your licence without investigation. For advice, contact the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (or DVA in Northern Ireland).
Qu.37 - Mark one answer You are turning left into a side road. What hazards should you be especially aware of?
A. One-way street
B. Pedestrians C. Traffic congestion
D. Parked vehicles

Make sure that you have reduced your speed and are in the correct gear for the turn. Look into the road before you turn and always give way to any pedestrians who are crossing.
Qu.38 - Mark one answer You intend to turn right into a side road. Just before turning you should check for motorcyclists who might be
A. Overtaking you on the left
B. Following you closely
C. Emerging from the side road
D. Overtaking on your right
Never attempt to change direction to the right without first checking your right-hand mirror. A motorcyclist might not have seen your signal and could be hidden by the car behind you. This action should become a matter of routine.
Qu.39 - Mark one answer You see a pedestrian with a white stick and red band. This means that the person is
A. Physically disabled
B. Deaf only
C. Blind only
D. Deaf and blind
If someone is deaf as well as blind, they may be carrying a white stick with a red reflective band. You can’t see if a pedestrian is deaf. Don’t assume everyone can hear you approaching.

Qu.40 - Mark one answer Before overtaking a large vehicle you should keep well back. Why is this?
A. To give acceleration space to overtake quickly on blind spots
B. To get the best view of the road ahead C. To leave a gap in case the vehicle stops and rolls back
D. To offer other drivers a safe gap if they want to overtake you

When following a large vehicle keep well back. If you’re too close you won’t be able to see the road ahead and the driver of the long vehicle might not be able to see you in their mirrors.
Qu.41 - Mark one answer You are driving along this road. The red van cuts in close in front of you. What should you do?



A. Accelerate to get closer to the red van
B. Give a long blast on the horn
C. Drop back to leave the correct separation distance D. Flash your headlights several times

There are times when other drivers make incorrect or ill-judged decisions. Be tolerant and try not to retaliate or react aggressively. Always consider the safety of other road users, your passengers and yourself.
Qu.42 - Mark one answer In front of you is a class 3 powered vehicle (powered wheeled) driven by a disabled person. These vehicles have a maximum speed of
A. 8 mph (12 km/h) B. 18 mph (29 km/h)
C. 28 mph (45 km/h)
D. 38 mph (61 km/h)

These vehicles are battery powered and very vulnerable due to their slow speed, small size and low height. Some are designed for pavement and road use and have a maximum speed of 8 mph (12 km/h). Others are for pavement use only and are restricted to 4 mph (6 km/h). Take extra care and be patient if you are following one. Allow plenty of room when overtaking and do not go past unless you can do so safely.

Qu.43 - Mark one answer It is very windy. You are behind a motorcyclist who is overtaking a high-sided vehicle. What should you do?
A. Overtake the motorcyclist immediately
B. Keep well back C. Stay level with the motorcyclist
D. Keep close to the motorcyclist

Motorcyclists are affected more by windy weather than other vehicles. In windy conditions, high-sided vehicles cause air turbulence. You should keep well back as the motorcyclist could be blown off course.
Qu.44 - Mark one answer You are on a well-lit motorway at night. You must
A. Use only your sidelights
B. Always use your headlights C. Always use your rear fog lights
D. Use your headlights only in bad weather

If you’re driving on a motorway at night or in poor visibility, you must always use your headlights, even if the road is well-lit. The other road users in front must be able to see you in their mirrors.

Qu.45 - Mark one answer How can you use the engine of your vehicle to control your speed?
A. By changing to a lower gear B. By selecting reverse gear
C. By changing to a higher gear
D. By selecting neutral

You should brake and slow down before selecting a lower gear. The gear can then be used to keep the speed low and help you control the vehicle. This is particularly helpful on long downhill stretches, where brake fade can occur if the brakes overheat.
Qu.46 - Mark one answerAt this blind junction you must stop
A. Behind the line, then edge forward to see clearly B. Beyond the line at a point where you can see clearly
C. Only if there is traffic on the main road
D. Only if you are turning to the right



The ‘stop’ sign has been put here because there is a poor view into the main road. You must stop because it will not be possible to assess the situation on the move, however slowly you are travelling.
Qu.47 - Mark one answerThe aim of an Active Traffic Management scheme on a motorway is to
A. Prevent overtaking
B. Reduce rest stops
C. Prevent tailgating
D. Reduce congestion
Active Traffic Management schemes are intended to reduce congestion and make journey times more reliable. In these areas the hard shoulder may be used as a running lane to ease congestion at peak times or in the event of an incident. It may appear that you could travel faster for a short distance, but keeping traffic flow at a constant speed may improve your journey time.

Qu.48 - Mark one answer On a motorway what is used to reduce traffic bunching?

A. Variable speed limits B. Contraflow systems
C. National speed limits
D. Lane closures

Congestion can be reduced by keeping traffic at a constant speed. At busy times maximum speed limits are displayed on overhead gantries. These can be varied quickly depending on the amount of traffic. By keeping to a constant speed on busy sections of motorway overall journey times are normally improved.
Qu.49 - Mark one answer At toucan crossings, apart from pedestrians you should be aware of
A. Emergency vehicles emerging
B. Buses pulling out
C. Trams crossing in front
D. Cyclists riding across
The use of cycles is being encouraged and more toucan crossings are being installed. These crossings enable pedestrians and cyclists to cross the path of other traffic. Watch out as cyclists will approach the crossing faster than pedestrians.
Qu.50 - Mark one answer As you approach this bridge you should


A. Move into the middle of the road to get a better view

B. Slow down C. Get over the bridge as quickly as possible
D. Consider using your horn E. Find another route
F. Beware of pedestrians

This sign gives you a warning. The brow of the hill prevents you seeing oncoming traffic so you must be cautious. The bridge is narrow and there may not be enough room for you to pass an oncoming vehicle at this point. There is no footpath, so pedestrians may be walking in the road. Consider the hidden hazards and be ready to react if necessary.




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